Bookmarks for July 6th through July 8th

These are my links for July 6th through July 8th:

  • How to choose a statistical test – This book has discussed many different statistical tests. To select the right test, ask yourself two questions: What kind of data have you collected? What is your goal? Then refer to Table 37.1.
  • NPWRC :: Statistical Significance Testing – Four basic steps constitute statistical hypothesis testing. First, one develops a null hypothesis about some phenomenon or parameter. This null hypothesis is generally the opposite of the research hypothesis, which is what the investigator truly believes and wants to demonstrate. Research hypotheses may be generated either inductively, from a study of observations already made, or deductively, deriving from theory. Next, data are collected that bear on the issue, typically by an experiment or by sampling. (Null hypotheses often are developed after the data are in hand and have been rummaged through, but that’s another topic.)
  • Data Mining Techniques – Data Mining is an analytic process designed to explore data (usually large amounts of data – typically business or market related) in search of consistent patterns and/or systematic relationships between variables, and then to validate the findings by applying the detected patterns to new subsets of data. The ultimate goal of data mining is prediction – and predictive data mining is the most common type of data mining and one that has the most direct business applications.
  • An Overview of Data Mining Techniques – This overview provides a description of some of the most common data mining algorithms in use today. We have broken the discussion into two sections, each with a specific theme:* Classical Techniques: Statistics, Neighborhoods and Clustering
    * Next Generation Techniques: Trees, Networks and Rules

    Each section will describe a number of data mining algorithms at a high level, focusing on the “big picture” so that the reader will be able to understand how each algorithm fits into the landscape of data mining techniques. Overall, six broad classes of data mining algorithms are covered. Although there are a number of other algorithms and many variations of the techniques described, one of the algorithms from this group of six is almost always used in real world deployments of data mining systems.

  • MachineLearning.pdf (application/pdf Object) – Over the past 50 years the study of Machine Learning has grown from the efforts of a handful of computer engineers exploring whether computers could learn to play games, and a field of Statistics that largely ignored computational considerations, to a broad discipline that has produced fundamental statistical-computational theories of learning processes, has designed learning algorithms that are routinely used in commercial systems
    for speech recognition, computer vision, and a variety of other tasks, and has spun off an industry in data mining to discover hidden regularities in the growing volumes of online data. This document provides a brief and personal view of the discipline that has emerged as Machine Learning, the fundamental questions it addresses, its relationship to other sciences and society, and where it might be headed

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